Pneumatic Powered Wall Climbing Robot Report PDF and Ppt

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A Pneumatic Powered wall climbing robot is a robot with the capability of climbing vertical surfaces. This report describes the design and fabrication of a quadruped climbing robot. We are required to design and create a wall climbing robot which uses suction as a means of sticking to the wall. The robot will be controlled using Basic Stamp and the movement of its legs will generated by two servo motors. Each servo motor will control legs which are located on the left and right side of the robot. The leg rotations mimic stepping motions through the use of a slider and crank.

The suction force will be supplied by two vacuum pumps that will turn on intermittently. The main body of the robot will carry all the components except for the compressor thus making it mobile. Currently the robot is only designed for linear movement. However, plans to incorporate manoeuvrability and other functions can be implemented after the first stage of the development achieves success.


Here we use pneumatic power to build a smart robot for climbing walls. The robot uses both pneumatic strength for motion and suction to cling to the ground. The machine is a clever combination of pneumatic, mechanical, and electronic circuitry allowing this mission to be accomplished. To achieve movement the robotic system consists of 2 pneumatic pistons. To achieve the desired movement we make use of valves and control them electronically. We also use suction cups at the end rods to attain vacuum-based suction. To achieve the desired function, we use vacuum ejector pistons and we move them through valves to operate the vacuum-based system parallel to the pneumatic systems in synchronization. We obtain a fully functional pneumatic-based wall climbing robot as a result of the synchronized movements of those devices.

Components Used

  • Pneumatic Cylinders
  • Vacuum Cups
  • Vacuum Ejectors
  • Connecting Rods
  • Pneumatic Pipes
  • Pneumatic Fittings
  • Pneumatic Valves
  • Joints & Screws
  • Controller Circuitry
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Advantages of Pneumatic Powered Wall Climbing Robot

  • Robot can move in vertical surface.
  • This robots move even in the rough surface.
  • Since we use suction cup, the robot has good grip on wall.

Application of Pneumatic Powered Wall Climbing Robot

  • Can be used only for Painting
  • cleaning in Vertical surfaces. 


There are several applications the wall climbing robot is using in different locomotion and adhesion. Based on the application the adhesion mechanism is used. The researchers using the various techniques for climbing and adhesion, the suction cup adhesion give the better and flexible gripping in the vertical wall. This simpler, compact and light weight robotic platform provides a safe and effective means to deal with hazardous duty operations. Within the mechanical area our robust platform, it is developed to climb on relatively smooth surfaces and non Porous surface. Thus the important factors of using wall climbing robot for the following reasons, they are such as follows,

  • It is used to climb the wall safely and overcome it’s gravity, should avoid the human injuries.
  • To reduce the human effort.
  • Time consumption for dust cleaning purpose in a high risk building’s.

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